This graph displays the spot price for West Texas Intermediate and Brent crudes between 1990 and 2014. In 2013, the average spot price for West Texas Intermediate crude oil came to just under 98 U.S. dollars per barrel. Brent is a sweet light crude that often used in the manufacture of gasoline. Consequently, Brent is a crucial contributor to gasoline prices. Gas prices in Europe, particularly Norway, are counted among the highest worldwide.
Crude oil spot prices
The world’s growing thirst for oil is likely to create disequilibrium between crude supply and demand, thus triggering price fluctuations at stock exchanges around the globe. Over the past decade, consumption volumes have risen from under 80 million barrels per day in 2002 to almost 90 million barrels per day in 2012. Driven by global economic growth, West Texas Intermediate crude reached annual average price levels near 100 U.S. dollars per barrel for the first time in 2008, when worldwide oil consumption exceeded production by over three million barrels daily. Although the difference can be accounted for by the production of biofuels and oil from unconventional sources, these figures show why adjustment measurements are required to balance supply and demand in the international crude oil market.
Economic theory has it that prices are a key element to adjust supply and demand, but political frameworks appear to be the crucial factor in this case. The WTI price trend will likely be affected by the quality of pipeline infrastructure between the U.S. Gulf and the nation’s oil-trading hub at Cushing, as well as political trends in other oil producing regions. With U.S. shale gas production on the rise, and with Russia accounting for approximately 13 percent of the world’s oil production volume, oil prices may just continue their rollercoaster ride through 2015. At an estimated 46.22 U.S. dollars, one barrel of WTI crude fell to the lowest October level since 2011. In October 2015, the price for a barrel of Brent stood at around 48.43 U.S. dollars, while the price for the OPEC basket grades stood at a little over 45 U.S. dollars.