The statistic shows the average life expectancy* in North America for those born in 2012, by gender and region. In Canada, the average life expectancy was 81 years.
Life expectancy in North America
Of those considered in this statistic, the life expectancy of female Canadian infants born in 2012 was longest at 83 years. Female infants born in America that year had a similarly high life expectancy of 81 years. Male infants, meanwhile, had lower life expectancies of 79 years (Canada) and 76 years (USA).
Compare this to the worldwide life expectancy for babies born in 2012: 72 years for women and 68 years for men. Of continents worldwide, North America ranks first in terms of life expectancy (79 years for men and women), followed by Australia/Oceana and Europe, both at 77 years, and then Latin America and the Caribbean at 74 years. Life expectancy is lowest in Africa at just 58 years. Japan is the country with the highest life expectancy worldwide for babies born in 2010.
Life expectancy is calculated according to current mortality rates of the population in question. Global variations in life expectancy are caused by differences in medical care, public health and diet, and reflect global inequalities in economic circumstances. Africa’s low life expectancy, for example, can be attributed in part to the AIDS epidemic. In 2011, 270 thousand people died of AIDS in South Africa, the largest amount worldwide. Nigeria, Tanzania, Mozambique and Uganda were also high on the list of countries ranked by AIDS deaths that year. Likewise, Africa has by far the highest rate of mortality by communicable disease (i.e. AIDS, neglected tropics diseases, malaria and tuberculosis) at 798 deaths per 100,000 population. Meanwhile the mortality rate by communicable disease in the Americas is only 72 deaths per 100,000. Non-communicable disease causes 455 deaths per 100,000 in the Americas, and injuries causes 63 deaths per 100,000.