Global primary energy consumption by outlook scenario 2016-2050

This statistic displays the projection of primary energy consumption worldwide from 2016 to 2050 from various sources. The International Energy Outlook under the EIA projected that primary energy consumption would reach 675 quadrillion British thermal units in 2050 based on their reference scenario.

Outlook for primary energy consumption worldwide from 2016 to 2050, by scenario (in quadrillion British thermal units)*

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Release date

July 2019



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

* Values are not available from every source for every year. Projections are from 2020 and onwards.
** Figure for 2015 used instead of 2016. Outlook scenarios are as follows: EIA International Energy Outlook 2017 (Reference),
Equinor 2018 Energy Perspectives (Reform),
ExxonMobil 2018 Outlook for Energy (Reference),
IEA World Energy Outlook 2018 (New Policies),
IEEJ Outlook 2019 (Reference),
OPEC World Oil Outlook 2018 (Reference),
Shell 2018 (Sky).

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Statistics on "Global primary energy "

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