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Length of reign of British monarchs 1702-2021

The Act of Union 1707 brought the present-day states of England and Wales together with Scotland, and formed the United Kingdom of Great Britain. Since this time there have been twelve Heads of State, from three different families. The first of these was Queen Anne, of the House of Stuart, who ruled for a total of 7 years and 92 days, from 1707 to 1714 (although she had been the Queen of England since 1702).

House of Hannover

As Anne had no children, her cousin George I came to power, and thus began the Hanoverian dynasty, which lasted from 1714 until 1901. This house included George III and Victoria (arguably the most famous British monarch in history), who served for over 59 and 63 years respectively, making them two of the longest serving British monarchs ever. During George III's reign, a second Act of Union created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. The House of Hannover also oversaw a huge expansion of the British Empire, which continued into the reign of the House of Windsor.

House of Windsor

Originally called the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the House of Windsor has ruled since the coronation of Edward VII in 1901. The original name was changed in 1917, due to the anti-German feelings among the general public during the First World War. This house has included the shortest reigning monarch on this list, Edward VIII, who abdicated the throne after 326 days as his proposed marriage to Walls Simpson (who had already been married twice) was opposed by parliament. He was succeeded by his younger brother, George VI, who ruled for just over 15 years. George VI's daughter, Elizabeth II, is the current reigning monarch, and longest serving monarch in British history, who has been the British Head of State for over 68 years.

Length of each king or queen of the United Kingdom's reign from 1702 to 2021

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Sources

Release date

2021

Region

United Kingdom

Survey time period

1702 to 2021

Supplementary notes

*Reign as Queen of England was 12.4 years. Reign as Queen of Great Britain was 7.25 years.
**As of January 04, 2021

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Statistics on "The British Royal Family (UK)"

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