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Food self-sufficiency ratio of pork in Japan FY 2010-2018

In fiscal year 2018, the food self-sufficiency ratio of pork in Japan was estimated to reach 48 percent, implying that more than half of the pork meat consumed in the country were imported products. The weight-based food self-sufficiency ratio indicates the share of food consumed in Japan that is covered by the domestic production.

Is Japan self-sufficient?

Since 2010, the calorie-based self-sufficiency ratio in Japan dropped below 40 percent, indicating an increasing reliance on imports to cover over 60 percent of the domestic caloric intake of food. Despite governmental efforts to boost the domestic food supply, the archipelago was unable to recover from the setback.
This was in addition to, barley, pulses and soybean production stagnating, recording the lowest weight-based self-sufficiency rate among agricultural commodities. Soybeans are considered a staple food in Japan, which is used in the production of a variety products like soy sauce, tofu, and miso.

The shrinking population of farmers

The decline in self-sufficiency in Japan is coupled to an aging and shrinking population of farmers, among other causes. Within a decade, the number of commercial farmers declined by a third, remaining barely above two million.
Since the domestic agriculture industry alone is unable to cover the domestic food demand, trade agreements with major trade partners are becoming essential, as the import value of agricultural commodities leaped above six trillion Japanese yen in recent years.

Annual weight based food self-sufficiency ratio of pork meat in Japan from fiscal year 2010 to 2018

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Release date

August 2019



Survey time period

fiscal years 2010 to 2018; the Japanese fiscal year starts April 1 of each stated year and ends March 31 of the following year

Supplementary notes


According to the source, the self-sufficiency ratio is calculated as follows:
Domestic production volume/Domestic shipment volume x 100.

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