Number of migrants from Germany* documented in United States between 1820 and 1957
Number of migrants to the United States from Germany 1820-1957
Between 1820 and 1957, more than six million people emigrated from Germany to the United States. The period with the highest levels of migration came during the 1850s and the 1880s, and over 250 thousand documented migrants came to the US from Germany in 1882 alone. The reasons for these mass migrations were not linked to individual events, but were because of the improved access to trans-Atlantic travel, poor economic opportunities at home (particularly for farmers, who struggled with the rapid industrialization of Germany), and to escape religious persecution in Europe. The periods with the lowest levels of migration from Germany were between 1915 and 1945, and were likely caused by the First and Second World Wars, and also the Great Depression.
Number of migrants from Germany* documented in United States between 1820 and 1957
YearNumber of migrants
195760,353
195644,409
195529,596
195433,098
195327,329
1952104,236
195187,755
1950128,592
194955,284
194819,368
194713,900
19462,598
1945172
1944238
1943248
19422,150
19414,028
194021,520
193933,515
193817,199
193710,895
19366,346
19355,201
19344,392
19331,919
19322,670
193110,401
193026,569
192946,751
192848,513
192750,421
192646,068
192575,091
192448,277
192317,931
19226,803
19211,001
192052
1919447
19181,857
19172,877
19167,799
191535,734
191434,329
191327,788
191232,061
191131,283
191025,540
190932,309
190832,309
190737,807
190637,564
190540,574
190446,380
190340,086
190228,304
190121,651
190018,507
189917,476
189817,111
189722,533
189631,885
189532,173
189453,989
189378,756
1892119,168
1891113,554
189092,427
188999,538
1888109,717
1887106,865
188684,403
1885124,443
1884179,676
1883194,786
1882250,630
1881210,485
188084,638
187934,602
187829,313
187729,298
187631,937
187547,769
187487,291
1873149,671
1872141,109
187182,554
1870118,225
1869131,042
186855,831
1867133,426
1866115,892
186583,424
186457,276
186333,162
186227,529
186131,661
186054,491
185941,784
185845,310
185791,781
185671,028
185571,918
1854215,009
1853141,946
1852145,918
185172,482
185078,896
184960,235
184858,465
184774,281
184657,561
184534,355
184420,731
184314,441
184220,370
184115,291
184029,704
183921,028
183811,683
183723,740
183620,707
18358,311
183417,686
18336,988
183210,194
18312,413
18301,976
1829597
18281,851
1827432
1826511
1825450
1824230
1823183
1822148
1821383
1820968
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Sources

Release date

August 2019

Region

Germany, United States, German Democratic Republic

Survey time period

1820-1927

Supplementary notes

Release date is date of extraction.
*Includes Austria from 1938 to 1945, and some of Poland between 1899 and 1919.

Number of migrants to the United States from Germany 1820-1957
Between 1820 and 1957, more than six million people emigrated from Germany to the United States. The period with the highest levels of migration came during the 1850s and the 1880s, and over 250 thousand documented migrants came to the US from Germany in 1882 alone. The reasons for these mass migrations were not linked to individual events, but were because of the improved access to trans-Atlantic travel, poor economic opportunities at home (particularly for farmers, who struggled with the rapid industrialization of Germany), and to escape religious persecution in Europe. The periods with the lowest levels of migration from Germany were between 1915 and 1945, and were likely caused by the First and Second World Wars, and also the Great Depression.
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Christof Baron

Christof Baron
CEO, MindShare Germany

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