Perceptions of inequalities in living standards between ethnicities Singapore 2019

According to a survey on racial and religious harmony, 22.4 percent of respondents stated that they felt that Singaporean Malays would have to work harder than other ethnic groups to have a decent life in Singapore.

Singapore is a multi-ethnic and multi-religious society, with citizens categorized into four main ethnic groups, known as CMIO: Chinese, Malay, Indian, and Others. Those categorized under the "Others" include Eurasians, Caucasians, Arabs, and Filipinos, among others. Those from an ethnic Chinese background make up the majority of the population in Singapore.

Respondents' perceptions on how hard some ethnic groups had to work compared to other ethnicities to have a decent life in Singapore as of January 2019

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Release date




Survey time period

August 2018 to January 2019

Number of respondents

4,015 respondents

Age group

18 years and older

Method of interview

Postal questionnaire

Supplementary notes

The question asked in the survey was as follows: "How hard do you think the following racial groups have to work in order to have a basic, decent life in Singapore?"

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