Leading European banks ranked by pre-tax profits 2019

Pre-tax profit displays the amount of profit a company has made before paying corporate income taxes. Essentially, it is the calculation of deducting all expenses from revenue except taxes. As of 2019, HSBC had the highest amount of pre-tax profit of any bank in Europe with almost 20 billion U.S dollars.

Tier 1 capital

Tier 1 capital displays the financial strength of a bank as it shows the bank’s core capital including equity capital and disclosed reserves. Regulators use tier 1 capital for the purpose of ensuring that banks have enough capital in case of unexpected losses. As of 2019, HSBC had the highest amount of tier 1 capital of any bank in Europe with over 147 billion U.S dollars. Although HSBC has the most in tier 1 capital, they did not make the list for best performing European banks for fully loaded CET1 capital ratios.

Leading banks in assets

Another way in measuring a banks strength, size and health is through its total assets. Total assets are one of the main measures of a bank's prosperity and is defined as all assets owned by a bank. This includes, but is not limited to; cash and balances, loans and advances to banks and customers, as well as debt securities. Europe’s largest bank in 2018 had more than 2.2 trillion euros in total assets.

Leading banks on the European market as of 2019*, by pre-tax profits

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Release date




Survey time period

December 31, 2018

Supplementary notes

* Figures correct as of December 31, 2018.

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