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Population of the United States 1610-2020

Population of the United States from 1610 to 2020

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Release date

August 2019


United States

Survey time period

1610 to 2020

Supplementary notes

Generally, Native Americans were omitted from official census data prior to 1860, and only taxpaying Native Americans were included in the censuses between 1870 and 1890. Black Americans were generally always counted, including slaves; the "three-fifths compromise" (where only 60 percent of a state's slave population was recorded) applied to governmental and taxational aspects relating to slaveholding states, and its influence on census data is unclear, but minimal.

Data before 1800 is given in ten year intervals, data from 1800 onwards is given annually. "Former borders" relates to censuses conducted within the borders of the British colonies, and the borders of the United States as various states were admitted.

Separate data available for Alaska, prior to admission, is as follows (in thousands);
1880: 33
1890: 32
1900: 64
1910: 64
1920: 55
1929: 59
1939: 73
1950: 129

Data was compiled from various sources, namely the United Nations, Gapminder, and "International Historical Statistics: The Americas 1750-1988" by B.R. Mitchell (1993).

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