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Number of independent countries in Europe each year 1900-2022

Total number of independent states in Europe at the end of each year from 1900 to 2022

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Release date

February 2022


Europe, EU, CEE

Survey time period

1900 to 2022

Supplementary notes

Data was compiled from information on the individual entries for each country on

Countries that were de facto occupied or annexed during the world wars have not been recognized as independent.

Where appropriate, Eastern Bloc countries during the Cold War have been treated as independent, despite being under significant Soviet influence. Kosovo has been included since 2008, although it is not a UN member state or observer.

Despite being partly in Europe, Turkey, the Caucus states, and Central Asian states have not been included, as the majority of their territories and populations are located in Asia.

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Statistics on "Eastern bloc economies in the Cold War"

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