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Earthquake hazards NCR Philippines 2018, by type

The year 2018 saw two of the worst earthquakes strike the Davao Oriental province of the Philippines in September and December, with magnitudes ranging between 6 and 7. Of the many hazards caused due to earthquakes, the most severe was found to be ground shaking, followed by the combination of ground shaking and liquefaction. In the National Capital Region, a 64 percent likelihood of ground shaking hazard was calculated in the event of an earthquake in 2018.

Philippines lies within the Ring of Fire

The Philippines is an archipelagic country of over seven thousand islands that are situated in the “Ring of Fire” between the Pacific and Eurasian tectonic plates, making it an earthquake and volcanic eruption prone region. A total of 53 volcanoes lie within this region, most of them located within the Luzon Island. As of 2020, 24 of them are still active with the most recent eruption that of the Taal Volcano on January 12, 2020.

Risk mitigation

As a country prone to natural disasters, the Philippine government’s risk reduction expenditure has been on the rise since 2014, with the expenditure crossing 20 billion Philippine pesos in 2017. The spike was due to the super typhoon Haiyan in 2013 that wreaked havoc within the country, resulting in rehabilitation for those significantly hit by the disaster.

Share of hazards in the event of an earthquake in the National Capital Region of the Philippines in 2018, by type

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Release date

September 2019



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

The following are earthquake hazards which has less than one percent share are not included in the figure:
1. Ground rupture and ground shaking (GR/GS)
2. Earthquake induced landslide, liquefaction and ground shaking (EIL/LIQ/GS)
3. Active fault, liquefaction and ground shaking (AF/LIQ/GS)
4. Earthquake induced landslide, active fault and ground shaking (EIL/AF/GS)
5. Active fault, earthquake induced landslide, liquefaction and ground shaking (AF/EIL/LIQ/GS)

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Statistics on "Natural disasters in the Philippines "

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