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Top 10 towns in Romania 2019, by number of inhabitants

In 2019, the Romanian city with the most significant number of permanent residents was Bucharest, with more than 2.1 million inhabitants. Iasi was the second-largest city with 382,767 inhabitants, followed by Timisoara and Cluj-Napoca.

Crime and safety

Romania’s crime index peaked in 2013. However, by 2020, the index dropped to 27.64, the lowest value recorded in the last eight years. When it comes to criminality by city, Iasi was the Romanian city with the highest crime index in 2020, followed by Bucharest which recorded a crime index value of 27.49. By contrast, the safest cities were located in the center and western part of Romania, namely: Oradea, Brasov, Cluj-Napoca, and Sibiu, each with a safety score of over 70 points.


Pollution has become a serious concern, not only in Romania but at a global level. The pollution index in Romania constantly increased since 2016, registering its highest value in 2020. It comes as no surprise that the most polluted city in Romania was Bucharest, given the city’s traffic congestion and lack of green spaces and playgrounds. Moreover, a survey conducted by INSCOP Research revealed that people living in Bucharest considered pollution to be one of the top three most important problems that need to be solved in the following years, along with traffic congestion and road infrastructure projects.

Top ten towns in Romania by number of inhabitants with permanent residence in 2019

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