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Share of imports from China to India FY 2019 by type

China accounted for an average of 30 percent in imports supporting select industries in India in financial year 2019. Electrical machinery and equipment accounted for the highest in that time period at 40 percent. Plastics, on the other hand acquired 18 percent of imports from China that year. India depended on China for a variety of products spread across multiple industries.

Trade relationship between India and China

The trade relationship between the two major global economies started a few decades ago. However, India has had an unfavorable trade balance with China as the trade deficit gap has widened over the years. The Indian food product imports has struggled and it is evident in its decreased value since 2008. In 2019, China was India’s leading import partner. For the same year, China was also the second leading export partner of India.

India’s export value

India exported a variety of products to a long list of countries in the world. In 2019, engineering goods valued at more than five trillion Indian rupees was the leading commodity exported by India. The economic slowdown in 2019 and the current lockdown during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has affected industrial production across all sectors. Following this, the country's exports saw a drastic decline in various products.

Share of imports from China into India in financial year 2019, by type

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Release date

April 2020



Survey time period

FY 2019

Supplementary notes

Note: India's financial year begins in April and ends in March. For example, FY 2016 started in April 2015 and ended in March 2016.

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Statistics on "Imports to India"

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