The Men's Hammer Throw has been included in every Summer Olympic Games, excluding the inaugural tournament in 1896. Since this time, athletes representing the United States have won the most medals, with seven golds and 19 total medals, while Soviet athletes were close behind with seven golds and 18 total medals. Since the Soviet Union's dissolution, medals have been won in the Men's Hammer Throw by athletes from a reasonably wide variety of nations; 2016 champion, Dilshod Nazarov, made history for Tajikistan when he won the country's first gold medal. Two athletes have been stripped of medals in the Men's Hammer Throw, both of which occurred in the 2004 games in Athens. These included the gold medallist, Adrián Annus of Hungary, and bronze medallist Ivan Tsikhan of Belarus (who did, however, go on to win silver and bronze medals in the 2008 and 2016 games).
The Irish connection
The event's most decorated athlete is John Flanagan, who won three consecutive golds between 1900 and 1908. Despite being born and spending most of his life in Ireland, Flanagan lived in New York from 1896 to 1911 and chose to represent the U.S. at the Olympics, rather than represent Britain (of which Ireland was a part of at the time). Upon returning to Ireland, Flanagan coached the hammer throw, with one of his students being future gold winner Pat O'Callaghan. O'Callaghan is just one of two other athletes to win multiple golds in this event (the other being Yuriy Sedykh of the USSR), and his victory in 1928 marked the first occasion where an Irish athlete won an Olympic gold medal while representing Ireland and not Britain.
Medal count by country in the Men's Hammer Throw at the Summer Olympics from 1900 to 2020
*No longer exists/competes at the Olympics.
**Includes medals won by the Unified Team of 1992 (which was made up of athletes from all former Soviet States, except the three Baltic states).
***Includes medals won by the United Team of Germany (1956-1964), but does not include East or West Germany.
This data was collected using the official Olympic.org site, as well as a spreadsheet from the Guardian that includes data from 1896-2008 (available here), 2012 and 2016 data was compared with that from Encyclopaedia Britannica, and several news outlets were used to update the table when medals were reassigned (i.e. for doping offenses).
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olympic.org, & The Guardian. (August 5, 2021). Medal count by country in the Men's Hammer Throw at the Summer Olympics from 1900 to 2020 [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved October 17, 2021, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/1117875/olympics-mens-hammer-throw-medal-table-since-1900/
olympic.org, und The Guardian. "Medal count by country in the Men's Hammer Throw at the Summer Olympics from 1900 to 2020." Chart. August 5, 2021. Statista. Accessed October 17, 2021. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1117875/olympics-mens-hammer-throw-medal-table-since-1900/
olympic.org, The Guardian. (2021). Medal count by country in the Men's Hammer Throw at the Summer Olympics from 1900 to 2020. Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: October 17, 2021. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1117875/olympics-mens-hammer-throw-medal-table-since-1900/
olympic.org, and The Guardian. "Medal Count by Country in The Men's Hammer Throw at The Summer Olympics from 1900 to 2020." Statista, Statista Inc., 5 Aug 2021, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1117875/olympics-mens-hammer-throw-medal-table-since-1900/
olympic.org & The Guardian, Medal count by country in the Men's Hammer Throw at the Summer Olympics from 1900 to 2020 Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1117875/olympics-mens-hammer-throw-medal-table-since-1900/ (last visited October 17, 2021)