In 2022, the population of Africa was projected to grow by 2.37 percent compared to the previous year. The population growth rate on the continent has been constantly over 2.45 percent from 2000 onwards, and it peaked at 2.59 percent between 2012 and 2013. Despite a slowdown in the growth rate, the continent's population will continue to increase significantly in the coming years.
The second-largest population worldwide
In 2022, the total population of Africa amounted to around 1.4 billion. The number of inhabitants had grown steadily in the previous decades, rising from approximately 810 million in 2000. Driven by a decreasing mortality rate and a higher life expectancy at birth, the African population was forecast to increase to about 2.5 billion individuals by 2050. Africa is currently the second most populous continent worldwide after Asia. However, forecasts showed that Africa could gradually close the gap and almost reach the size of the Asian population in 2100. By that year, Africa might count 4.3 billion people, compared to 4.7 billion in Asia.
The world's youngest continent
The median age in Africa corresponded to 19.7 years in 2020. Although the median age has increased in recent years, the continent remains the youngest worldwide. In 2021, roughly 40 percent of the African population was aged 15 years and younger, compared to a global average of 26 percent. Africa recorded not only the highest share of youth but also the smallest elderly population worldwide. In 2021, only four percent of Africa's population was aged 65 years and older. Africa was the only continent below the global average of 10 percent. Niger, Uganda, and Mali were the countries with the youngest population in 2021.
Population growth rate in Africa from 2000 to 2030
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OWID. (April 14, 2022). Population growth rate in Africa from 2000 to 2030 [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved December 05, 2022, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/1224179/population-growth-in-africa/
OWID. "Population growth rate in Africa from 2000 to 2030." Chart. April 14, 2022. Statista. Accessed December 05, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1224179/population-growth-in-africa/
OWID. (2022). Population growth rate in Africa from 2000 to 2030. Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: December 05, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1224179/population-growth-in-africa/
OWID. "Population Growth Rate in Africa from 2000 to 2030." Statista, Statista Inc., 14 Apr 2022, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1224179/population-growth-in-africa/
OWID, Population growth rate in Africa from 2000 to 2030 Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1224179/population-growth-in-africa/ (last visited December 05, 2022)