Hydropower is the main source of electricity production in Austria, accounting for some 60.2 percent of the country’s total electricity generation in 2021. That year, more than 72 percent of Austria's electricity production was sourced from renewables, with wind power ranking second in terms of renewable output.
The hydropower sector in Austria
Austria’s landscape, a combination of mountainous terrain, abundant rivers, and plentiful precipitation made the country a perfect location for hydropower development. With over a century of history and expansion of the sector, Austria’s hydropower generation stood above 42 terawatt-hours in 2020, ranking sixth in Europe. The Alpine country also boasts one of the largest pumped hydropower storage capacities in the region, at more than 5.5 gigawatts.
Austria’s electricity supply
Austria’s annual electricity generation grew by roughly 20 percent since the beginning of the century, surpassing 70 terawatt-hours in recent years. Domestic generation has come very close to supplying the country’s demand. In 2020, Austria registered a net import of electricity of approximately one terawatt-hour. Nonetheless, the country still recorded a trade value surplus that year of more than 200 million U.S. dollars.
Distribution of electricity generation in Austria in 2021, by source
Solar includes both solar thermal and solar photovoltaic generation.
Bioenergy includes generation from combustible renewables and may include waste generation (renewable and non-renewable).
Other fossil includes oil and petroleum products generation, as well as manufactured gases.
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Ember. (February 1, 2022). Distribution of electricity generation in Austria in 2021, by source [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved November 28, 2022, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/1234896/austria-distribution-of-electricity-production-by-source/
Ember. "Distribution of electricity generation in Austria in 2021, by source." Chart. February 1, 2022. Statista. Accessed November 28, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1234896/austria-distribution-of-electricity-production-by-source/
Ember. (2022). Distribution of electricity generation in Austria in 2021, by source. Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: November 28, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1234896/austria-distribution-of-electricity-production-by-source/
Ember. "Distribution of Electricity Generation in Austria in 2021, by Source." Statista, Statista Inc., 1 Feb 2022, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1234896/austria-distribution-of-electricity-production-by-source/
Ember, Distribution of electricity generation in Austria in 2021, by source Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1234896/austria-distribution-of-electricity-production-by-source/ (last visited November 28, 2022)