Christianity is the major religion in numerous African countries. As of 2019, 97 percent of the population of São Tomé and Príncipe was Christian, representing the highest percentage on the continent. The Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola followed with around 96 percent and 95 percent of the population being Christian, respectively. While these countries present the highest percentages, Christianity was also prevalent in many other African nations. For instance, in South Africa, Christianity was the religion of nearly 80 percent of the people, while the share corresponded to 58 percent in Nigeria.
Religious variations across Africa
Christianity and Islam are the most practiced religions in Africa. Christian adherents are prevalent below the Sahara, while North Africa is predominantly Muslim. In 2020, Christians accounted for around 60 percent of the Sub-Saharan African population, followed by Muslims with a share of roughly 30 percent. In absolute terms, there were approximately 650 million Christians in the region, a number forecast to increase to over one billion by 2050. In contrast, Islam is most prevalent in North Africa, being the religion of over 90 percent of the population in Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, and Libya.
Christianity in the world
As opposed to other religions, Christianity is widely spread across continents worldwide. In fact, Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Europe each account for around 25 percent of the global Christian population. By comparison, Asia-Pacific and North America make up 13 percent and 12 percent of Christians worldwide, respectively. In several regions, Christians also suffer persecution on religious grounds. Somalia and Libya presented the most critical situation in Africa in 2021, reporting the strongest suppression of Christians worldwide just after North Korea and Afghanistan.
African countries with the highest share of Christians as of 2019
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WorldAtlas. (June 20, 2019). African countries with the highest share of Christians as of 2019 [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved February 05, 2023, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/1239389/share-of-christian-population-in-africa-by-country/
WorldAtlas. "African countries with the highest share of Christians as of 2019." Chart. June 20, 2019. Statista. Accessed February 05, 2023. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1239389/share-of-christian-population-in-africa-by-country/
WorldAtlas. (2019). African countries with the highest share of Christians as of 2019. Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: February 05, 2023. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1239389/share-of-christian-population-in-africa-by-country/
WorldAtlas. "African Countries with The Highest Share of Christians as of 2019." Statista, Statista Inc., 20 Jun 2019, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1239389/share-of-christian-population-in-africa-by-country/
WorldAtlas, African countries with the highest share of Christians as of 2019 Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1239389/share-of-christian-population-in-africa-by-country/ (last visited February 05, 2023)
African countries with the highest share of Christians as of 2019 [Graph], WorldAtlas, June 20, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://www.statista.com/statistics/1239389/share-of-christian-population-in-africa-by-country/