Minimum wage in the U.S.: share of workers by gender 1980-2018

Share of workers paid hourly rates at or below prevailing federal minimum wage in the United States from 1980 to 2018, by gender

Minimum wage in the U.S.: share of workers by gender 1980-2018 This statistic shows the percent of workers paid hourly rates at or below prevailing federal minimum wage in the United States from 1980 to 2018, by gender. In 2018, only 2.6 percent of the female wage and salary workers were paid hourly rates at or below the federal minimum wage, compared to 21.6 percent in 1980.
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Share of workers paid hourly rates at or below prevailing federal minimum wage in the United States from 1980 to 2018, by gender

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WomenMen
1980 21.6%9.7%
1981 21.3%9.6%
1982 17.3%8.6%
1983 16.4%8.4%
1984 14.8%7.5%
1985 13.2%6.9%
1986 11.9%5.9%
1987 10.5%5.4%
1988 8.6%4.4%
1989 6.7%3.5%
1990 6.9%3.4%
1991 10.9%6%
1992 9.7%5.9%
1993 8.4%5.1%
1994 7.8%4.7%
1995 6.8%3.9%
1996 6.8%3.9%
1997 8.3%5.1%
1998 7.7%4.7%
1999 5.9%3.4%
2000 4.8%2.5%
2001 3.9%2%
2002 3.7%2.2%
2003 3.8%2%
2004 3.6%1.8%
2005 3.3%1.7%
2006 2.9%1.5%
2007 3.1%1.4%
2008 3.9%1.9%
2009 5.9%3.9%
2010 7.3%4.5%
2011 6.4%3.9%
2012 6%3.4%
2013 5.4%3.3%
2014 4.8%2.9%
2015 4.1%2.5%
2016 3.4%1.9%
20172.8%1.7%
20182.6%1.5%
WomenMen
1980 21.6%9.7%
1981 21.3%9.6%
1982 17.3%8.6%
1983 16.4%8.4%
1984 14.8%7.5%
1985 13.2%6.9%
1986 11.9%5.9%
1987 10.5%5.4%
1988 8.6%4.4%
1989 6.7%3.5%
1990 6.9%3.4%
1991 10.9%6%
1992 9.7%5.9%
1993 8.4%5.1%
1994 7.8%4.7%
1995 6.8%3.9%
1996 6.8%3.9%
1997 8.3%5.1%
1998 7.7%4.7%
1999 5.9%3.4%
2000 4.8%2.5%
2001 3.9%2%
2002 3.7%2.2%
2003 3.8%2%
2004 3.6%1.8%
2005 3.3%1.7%
2006 2.9%1.5%
2007 3.1%1.4%
2008 3.9%1.9%
2009 5.9%3.9%
2010 7.3%4.5%
2011 6.4%3.9%
2012 6%3.4%
2013 5.4%3.3%
2014 4.8%2.9%
2015 4.1%2.5%
2016 3.4%1.9%
20172.8%1.7%
20182.6%1.5%
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This statistic shows the percent of workers paid hourly rates at or below prevailing federal minimum wage in the United States from 1980 to 2018, by gender. In 2018, only 2.6 percent of the female wage and salary workers were paid hourly rates at or below the federal minimum wage, compared to 21.6 percent in 1980.
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