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Total economic impact of community hospitals in the U.S. 2009-2018

This statistic depicts the total impact of community hospitals on the economy in the United States from 2009 to 2018. In 2009, hospital expenditures in the United States came to some 680 billion U.S. dollars, while the effect of these expenditures on the total national economic output was over 2.2 trillion U.S. dollars.

Hospitals and the U.S. economy

Hospital expenditures in the United States have risen from about 680 billion U.S. dollars in 2009 to over 800 billion U.S. dollars in 2014. During this time, hospital payrolls and benefits have also increased from 337 billion U.S. dollars to 392 billion U.S. dollars. In 2014, the effect of hospital expenditures from the hospitals in Michigan totaled 57.7 billion U.S. dollar in outputs for the state’s economy.

Community hospitals are not part of a university, health systems, or chains within private hospitals. Larger hospital systems and medical centers are becoming more common as they tend to generate larger revenues and offer a broader spectrum of services. However, community hospitals have the advantage of developing more effective care models that are centralized around the community that they serve. Their small sizes also allows for easier and quicker redesigns when necessary to meet patient needs.

Community hospitals in the country have seen an increase in the total number of admissions from 31.6 million people in 1997 to 33.1 million people in 2014. In the same year, the average stay at a community hospital cost about 12,000 U.S. dollars.

Total impact of community hospitals on the U.S. economy from 2009 to 2018

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Release date

October 2020


United States

Survey time period

2009 to 2018

Supplementary notes

2009-2017 figures were added from the previous year's chartbook.
Hospital labor income is defined as payroll plus benefits. From 2010, expenditures are defined as total expenditures minus bad debt. In previous years, expenditures were defined as net patient revenue plus other operating revenue.
* Multipliers released in 2010 and subsequent years no longer include the national level multipliers needed for the U.S. summary row. BEA RIMS-II (1997/2006) multipliers released in 2008 and applied to 2015 AHA annual survey data were used instead. The “multiplier” is the factor by which spending in one sector of the economy affects other sectors. For example, nationally each hospital results in a total of 2.8 jobs in the economy as a whole because hospital employees use their wages to purchase goods and services which creates income and jobs for other businesses.

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Statistics on "Hospitals in the U.S."

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