Total economic impact of community hospitals in the U.S. 2009-2020

Total impact of community hospitals on the U.S. economy from 2009 to 2020

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Release date

February 2022


United States

Survey time period

2009 to 2020

Supplementary notes

2009-2017 figures were added from the 2019 Trendwatch Chartbook, while the figures for 2018 were added from the 2020 Chartbook. Data for 2019 is not available.
Hospital labor income is defined as payroll plus benefits. From 2010, expenditures are defined as total expenditures minus bad debt. In previous years, expenditures were defined as net patient revenue plus other operating revenue.
* Multipliers released in 2010 and subsequent years no longer include the national level multipliers needed for the U.S. summary row. BEA RIMS-II (1997/2006) multipliers released in 2008 and applied to 2015 AHA annual survey data were used instead. The “multiplier” is the factor by which spending in one sector of the economy affects other sectors. For example, nationally each hospital results in a total of 2.8 jobs in the economy as a whole because hospital employees use their wages to purchase goods and services which creates income and jobs for other businesses.

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