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U.S. apparent aluminum consumption 2006-2020

The apparent consumption of aluminum in the United States totaled 2.87 million metric tons in 2020. Transportation applications accounted for about 41 percent of domestic consumption, with the remainder being mostly used for packaging, building, and electrical purposes. Composites can be substituted for aluminum in various different applications. For example, glass, paper, plastics, and steel can be used instead of aluminum in packaging and composites, while steel, vinyl, and wood can replace aluminum in construction applications. The average spot price of aluminum ingots was about 100 U.S. dollar cents per pound.

Aluminum tariffs

The President of the United States imposed a 10 percent tariff on aluminum imports in March 2018. In retaliation, the Government of China imposed a 25 percent tariff on aluminum scrap imports from the United States. In 2019, the U.S. reached a deal with Mexico and Canada to lift tariffs which, since its implementation, had been a barrier against passing the United States Mexico Canada Agreement, an update to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

U.S. apparent consumption of aluminum from 2006 to 2020

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Release date

February 2021


United States

Survey time period

2006 to 2020

Supplementary notes

* Estimate.
The figures for 2006 through 2015 are taken from previous editions of the publication.
Apparent consumption = domestic primary petal production + recovery from old aluminum scrap + net import reliance; excludes imported scrap

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