U.S. apparent aluminum consumption 2006-2018

The apparent consumption of aluminum in the United States totaled 4.9 million metric tons in 2018. Transportation applications accounted for about 40 percent of domestic consumption, with the remainder being mostly used for packaging, building, and electrical purposes. Composites can be substituted for aluminum in various different applications. For example, glass, paper, plastics, and steel can be used instead of aluminum in packaging and composites, while steel, vinyl, and wood can replace aluminum in construction applications. The average spot price of aluminum ingots was about 115 U.S. dollar cents per pound.

Aluminum tariffs

The President of the United States imposed a 10 percent tariff on aluminum imports in March 2018. In retaliation, the Government of China imposed a 25 percent tariff on aluminum scrap imports from the United States. In 2019, the U.S. reached a deal with Mexico and Canada to lift tariffs which, since its implementation, had been a barrier against passing the United States Mexico Canada Agreement, an update to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

U.S. apparent consumption of aluminum from 2006 to 2018

Apparent consumption in thousand metric tons
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Release date

March 2019


United States

Survey time period

2006 to 2018

Supplementary notes

* Figures for 2016 and 2017 have been restated in the 2019 edition of the report.
The figures for 2006 through 2013 are taken from previous editions of the publication.
The 2018 figure is an estimate.
Apparent consumption = domestic primary petal production + recovery from old aluminum scrap + net import reliance; excludes imported scrap

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Statistics on "Aluminum"

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