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U.S. government: proposed spending in FY 2019-2021, by program

This graph shows the proposed budget of the U.S. government for discretionary and mandatory programs for fiscal years 2019, 2020 and 2021. In FY 2021, mandatory spending is predicted to sum up to about 3.01 trillion U.S. dollars. It consists primarily of benefit programs such as: social security, Medicare, Medicaid, as well as other* programs. Discretionary spending consists of spending controlled by lawmakers through annual appropriation acts. In FY 2021 it is proposed at 1.49 trillion U.S. dollars, and is divided into defense and nondefense** spending. Spending for net interest is also listed, which consists of the government's interest payments on debt held by the public, offset by interest income the government receives.

Proposed budget of the U.S. government in FY 2019-2021, by activity and program

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Release date

February 2020


United States

Survey time period

Fiscal years 2019 to 2021

Supplementary notes

* Other mandatory expenses are: unemployment compensation, federal civilian and military retirement, veterans' benefits, the earned income tax credit, food stamps, and other programs.
** Nondefense programs are programs related to health, income security, education, veterans' benefits, transportation, and other activities.

The fiscal year is the accounting period for the federal government which begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends.

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