Amazon Web Services - additional information
Amazon.com went online in 1995, initially as a book store, and went on to achieve almost immediate success. In 1998 the store expanded to include a music and video store and different other products, such as apparel and consumer electronics in the following years. As of 2014, the company is the undisputed leader of the e-retail market in the United States, with sales of almost 80 billion U.S. dollars.
In 2006, Amazon Web Services (AWS) was launched as a cloud computing platform to provide online services. Among these, Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud and Amazon S3, which provide large virtual computing capacity, are the most well-known. The majority of AWS servers, including the so-called "GovCloud," specifically destined for U.S. government customers, are based in the United States. The company also has locations in Ireland and Germany, Singapore, Japan, China, Australia and Brazil. An estimated 1.4 million servers were operated by Amazon Web Services globally. One of the largest clients of AWS is the streaming video service Netflix, which uses Amazon’s services to store their content on servers throughout the world. Among vendors who supply this so-called Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Amazon's IaaS market share stood at 27.2 percent, as of the first half of 2015.
As of the first quarter of 2015, AWS reported revenues of over 1.5 billion U.S. dollars, a 49 percent increase compared to first quarter figures of the previous year. The segment also reported an operating income of 265 million U.S. dollars. Total revenue of Amazon.com during the same period amounted to 22.72 billion U.S. dollars. In 2015, the worldwide spending on IT storage is expected to amount to some 42 billion U.S. dollars, a value which is forecast to increase to 46.5 billion U.S. dollars within three years.