Recipients of federal student aid in the U.S., by program 2018/19

This statistic shows the average number of recipients for each of the federal student aid programs listed above for the 2018/19 academic year in the United States. Around 10.7 million students received aid from the Federal Education Tax Benefits program in the U.S. in that year.

Number of recipients of federal student aid in the United States, by program in 2018/19

Number of recipients in millions
Federal Education Tax Benefits10.7
Federal Pell Grant6.8
Direct Unsubsidized Loans6.5
Direct Subsidized Loans5.2
Post-9/11 GI Bill Veterans Benefits0.7
Federal Work-Study0.61
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Release date

October 2019


United States

Survey time period


Supplementary notes

Both undergraduate and graduate students are eligible for tax benefits, Direct Unsubsidized Loans, Perkins Loans, and Federal Work-Study (FWS). Direct Subsidized Loans were available to both groups in 2011-12, but were limited to undergraduates thereafter. Pell Grants and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants (FSEOG) go to undergraduates only.

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