Vineyards and Wine Production
The climate, terrain, and soil quality in which the wine grapes are grown has a major influence on how the wine turns out. Though most of the world’s wine is grown in the Mediterranean region, or in areas with a Mediterranean climate, the areas in which grapes can be grown have expanded greatly. In 2020, vineyards took up about 7.3 million hectares of land worldwide. This figure has remained somewhat stable over the last decade.
Global Wine Trade
Italy was the leading producer of wine in 2020, and had the highest export volume of wine in that year, at 20.8 million hectoliters. The other two top winer producers were also the top exporters. Spain exported 20.2 million hectoliters and France, 13.6 million.