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Major foreign holders of U.S. treasury securities 2020

This statistic shows major foreign holders of US treasury debt as of September 2020. At this time, Japan held treasury securities totaling about 1.27 trillion U.S. dollars.

Foreign holders of United States treasury debt

According to the Federal Reserve and U.S. Department of the Treasury, foreign countries held a total of 7.07 trillion U.S. dollars in U.S. treasury securities as of September 2020. Of the total 7.07 trillion held by foreign countries, Japan and Mainland China held the greatest portions. China held 1.06 trillion U.S. dollars in U.S. securities. Japan held 1.27 trillion U.S. dollars worth. Other foreign holders included oil exporting countries and Caribbean banking centers.

In 2019, the United States had a total public national debt of 22.72 trillion U.S. dollars, an amount that has been rising steadily, particularly since 2008. In 2019, the total interest expense on debt held by the public of the United States reached 404 billion U.S. dollars, while 170 billion U.S. dollars in interest expense were intragovernmental debt holdings. Total outlays of the U.S. government were 4.11 trillion U.S. dollars in 2018. By 2024, spending will reach 5.45 trillion U.S. dollars.

Major foreign holders of U.S. treasury securities as of September 2020

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Sources

Release date

November 2020

Region

United States

Survey time period

September 2020

Supplementary notes

The data are collected primarily from U.S.-based custodians and broker-dealers. Since U.S. securities held in overseas custody accounts may not be attributed to the actual owners, the data may not provide a precise accounting of individual country ownership of Treasury securities.

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Statistics on "U.S. public debt"

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