Major foreign holders of U.S. treasury securities, as of March 2018 (in billion U.S. dollars)

Major foreign holders of U.S. treasury securities in 2018 This graph shows major foreign holders of US treasury debt as of December 2017. China held treasury securities totaling 1.19 trillion U.S. dollars.
Foreign holders of United States treasury debt

According to the Federal Reserve and U.S. Department of the Treasury, foreign countries held a total of 6.29 trillion U.S. dollars in U.S. treasury securities as of March 2017. Of the total 6.29 trillion held by foreign countries, Mainland China and Japan held the greatest portions. China held 1.19 trillion U.S. dollars in U.S. securities. Japan held 1.04 trillion U.S. dollars worth. Other foreign holders included oil exporting countries and Caribbean banking centers.

In 2017, the United States had a total public national debt of 20.25 trillion U.S. dollars, an amount that rose rising steadily, particularly since 2008. In 2016, the total interest expense on debt held by the public of the United States reached 273 billion U.S. dollars, while 157 billion U.S. dollars in interest expense were intragovernmental debt holdings. Total outlays of the U.S. government were 3.85 trillion U.S. dollars in 2016. By 2022, spending will reach 4.83 trillion U.S. dollars.

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Securities in billion U.S. dollars
China, Mainland1,187.7
Japan1,043.5
Ireland317.9
Brazil286
United Kingdom263.7
Switzerland245.4
Cayman Islands242.9
Luxembourg221.6
Hong Kong196.2
Taiwan170.1
India157
Saudi Arabia151.2
Belgium125.5
Singapore117.8
Korea100.4
Russia96.1
Canada92.9
France80.9
Germany76.5
Bermuda66.4
United Arab Emirates59.2
Thailand57.2
Sweden46.2
Mexico45.2
Netherlands43.9
Turkey40.9
Poland40.3
Norway40.2
Italy37.2
Kuwait36.9
Australia34.1
Philippines32.1
Spain32
All Other508.9
Securities in billion U.S. dollars
China, Mainland1,187.7
Japan1,043.5
Ireland317.9
Brazil286
United Kingdom263.7
Switzerland245.4
Cayman Islands242.9
Luxembourg221.6
Hong Kong196.2
Taiwan170.1
India157
Saudi Arabia151.2
Belgium125.5
Singapore117.8
Korea100.4
Russia96.1
Canada92.9
France80.9
Germany76.5
Bermuda66.4
United Arab Emirates59.2
Thailand57.2
Sweden46.2
Mexico45.2
Netherlands43.9
Turkey40.9
Poland40.3
Norway40.2
Italy37.2
Kuwait36.9
Australia34.1
Philippines32.1
Spain32
All Other508.9
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Description Source More information
This graph shows major foreign holders of US treasury debt as of December 2017. China held treasury securities totaling 1.19 trillion U.S. dollars.
Foreign holders of United States treasury debt

According to the Federal Reserve and U.S. Department of the Treasury, foreign countries held a total of 6.29 trillion U.S. dollars in U.S. treasury securities as of March 2017. Of the total 6.29 trillion held by foreign countries, Mainland China and Japan held the greatest portions. China held 1.19 trillion U.S. dollars in U.S. securities. Japan held 1.04 trillion U.S. dollars worth. Other foreign holders included oil exporting countries and Caribbean banking centers.

In 2017, the United States had a total public national debt of 20.25 trillion U.S. dollars, an amount that rose rising steadily, particularly since 2008. In 2016, the total interest expense on debt held by the public of the United States reached 273 billion U.S. dollars, while 157 billion U.S. dollars in interest expense were intragovernmental debt holdings. Total outlays of the U.S. government were 3.85 trillion U.S. dollars in 2016. By 2022, spending will reach 4.83 trillion U.S. dollars.

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Release date
May 2018
Region
United States
Survey time period
March 2018
Supplementary notes
The data are collected primarily from U.S.-based custodians and broker-dealers. Since U.S. securities held in overseas custody accounts may not be attributed to the actual owners, the data may not provide a precise accounting of individual country ownership of Treasury securities.

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