Major foreign holders of U.S. treasury securities in 2019

Major foreign holders of U.S. treasury securities as of March 2019 (in billion U.S. dollars)

by Erin Duffin, last edited May 20, 2019
Major foreign holders of U.S. treasury securities in 2019 This graph shows major foreign holders of US treasury debt as of March 2019. A this time, China held treasury securities totaling about 1.12 trillion U.S. dollars.
Foreign holders of United States treasury debt

According to the Federal Reserve and U.S. Department of the Treasury, foreign countries held a total of 6.27 trillion U.S. dollars in U.S. treasury securities as of December 2018. Of the total 6.47 trillion held by foreign countries, Mainland China and Japan held the greatest portions. China held 1.12 trillion U.S. dollars in U.S. securities. Japan held 1.08 trillion U.S. dollars worth. Other foreign holders included oil exporting countries and Caribbean banking centers.

In 2018, the United States had a total public national debt of 21.52 trillion U.S. dollars, an amount that has been rising steadily, particularly since 2008. In 2018, the total interest expense on debt held by the public of the United States reached 357 billion U.S. dollars, while 171 billion U.S. dollars in interest expense were intragovernmental debt holdings. Total outlays of the U.S. government were 4.17 trillion U.S. dollars in 2018. By 2024, spending will reach 5.45 trillion U.S. dollars.

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Major foreign holders of U.S. treasury securities as of March 2019 (in billion U.S. dollars)

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Securities in billion U.S. dollars
China, Mainland1,120.5
Japan1,078.1
United Kingdom317.1
Brazil311.7
Ireland277.6
Luxembourg230.2
Switzerland226.4
Cayman Islands219.5
Hong Kong207.6
Belgium186.6
Saudi Arabia170
Taiwan168.8
India152
Singapore138.8
Korea119.9
France109.6
Canada99.7
Norway99.5
Thailand84.4
Germany78.1
Bermuda68.1
United Arab Emirates55.6
Sweden47.9
Mexico44.7
Netherlands44.5
Italy44
Spain40.9
Kuwait40.2
Australia39.3
Iraq36.2
Israel34.8
Poland33.9
Colombia31.5
All Other515.6
Securities in billion U.S. dollars
China, Mainland1,120.5
Japan1,078.1
United Kingdom317.1
Brazil311.7
Ireland277.6
Luxembourg230.2
Switzerland226.4
Cayman Islands219.5
Hong Kong207.6
Belgium186.6
Saudi Arabia170
Taiwan168.8
India152
Singapore138.8
Korea119.9
France109.6
Canada99.7
Norway99.5
Thailand84.4
Germany78.1
Bermuda68.1
United Arab Emirates55.6
Sweden47.9
Mexico44.7
Netherlands44.5
Italy44
Spain40.9
Kuwait40.2
Australia39.3
Iraq36.2
Israel34.8
Poland33.9
Colombia31.5
All Other515.6
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by Erin Duffin, last edited May 20, 2019
This graph shows major foreign holders of US treasury debt as of March 2019. A this time, China held treasury securities totaling about 1.12 trillion U.S. dollars.
Foreign holders of United States treasury debt

According to the Federal Reserve and U.S. Department of the Treasury, foreign countries held a total of 6.27 trillion U.S. dollars in U.S. treasury securities as of December 2018. Of the total 6.47 trillion held by foreign countries, Mainland China and Japan held the greatest portions. China held 1.12 trillion U.S. dollars in U.S. securities. Japan held 1.08 trillion U.S. dollars worth. Other foreign holders included oil exporting countries and Caribbean banking centers.

In 2018, the United States had a total public national debt of 21.52 trillion U.S. dollars, an amount that has been rising steadily, particularly since 2008. In 2018, the total interest expense on debt held by the public of the United States reached 357 billion U.S. dollars, while 171 billion U.S. dollars in interest expense were intragovernmental debt holdings. Total outlays of the U.S. government were 4.17 trillion U.S. dollars in 2018. By 2024, spending will reach 5.45 trillion U.S. dollars.

Show more
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