Major foreign holders of U.S. treasury securities in 2018

Major foreign holders of U.S. treasury securities as of December 2018 (in billion U.S. dollars)

Major foreign holders of U.S. treasury securities in 2018 This graph shows major foreign holders of US treasury debt as of December 2018. China held treasury securities totaling about 1.12 trillion U.S. dollars.
Foreign holders of United States treasury debt

According to the Federal Reserve and U.S. Department of the Treasury, foreign countries held a total of 6.27 trillion U.S. dollars in U.S. treasury securities as of December 2018. Of the total 6.27 trillion held by foreign countries, Mainland China and Japan held the greatest portions. China held 1.12 trillion U.S. dollars in U.S. securities. Japan held 1.04 trillion U.S. dollars worth. Other foreign holders included oil exporting countries and Caribbean banking centers.

In 2018, the United States had a total public national debt of 21.52 trillion U.S. dollars, an amount that has been rising steadily, particularly since 2008. In 2018, the total interest expense on debt held by the public of the United States reached 357 billion U.S. dollars, while 171 billion U.S. dollars in interest expense were intragovernmental debt holdings. Total outlays of the U.S. government were 4.17 trillion U.S. dollars in 2018. By 2023, spending will reach 5.16 trillion U.S. dollars.

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Major foreign holders of U.S. treasury securities as of December 2018 (in billion U.S. dollars)

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Securities in billion U.S. dollars
China, Mainland1,123.5
Japan1,042.3
Brazil303.1
Ireland280
United Kingdom272.9
Switzerland235
Luxembourg231
Cayman Islands211
Hong Kong196.2
Belgium185.7
Saudi Arabia171.6
Taiwan157.3
India141.3
Singapore121.1
Korea114.9
France110.9
Canada109.9
Norway84.9
Thailand72
Germany69.8
Bermuda65.4
United Arab Emirates56.8
Mexico46.8
Sweden43.8
Netherlands43.6
Kuwait41.3
Italy40.3
Australia39.7
Poland39.6
Spain34.7
Iraq34.6
All Other544.1
Securities in billion U.S. dollars
China, Mainland1,123.5
Japan1,042.3
Brazil303.1
Ireland280
United Kingdom272.9
Switzerland235
Luxembourg231
Cayman Islands211
Hong Kong196.2
Belgium185.7
Saudi Arabia171.6
Taiwan157.3
India141.3
Singapore121.1
Korea114.9
France110.9
Canada109.9
Norway84.9
Thailand72
Germany69.8
Bermuda65.4
United Arab Emirates56.8
Mexico46.8
Sweden43.8
Netherlands43.6
Kuwait41.3
Italy40.3
Australia39.7
Poland39.6
Spain34.7
Iraq34.6
All Other544.1
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This graph shows major foreign holders of US treasury debt as of December 2018. China held treasury securities totaling about 1.12 trillion U.S. dollars.
Foreign holders of United States treasury debt

According to the Federal Reserve and U.S. Department of the Treasury, foreign countries held a total of 6.27 trillion U.S. dollars in U.S. treasury securities as of December 2018. Of the total 6.27 trillion held by foreign countries, Mainland China and Japan held the greatest portions. China held 1.12 trillion U.S. dollars in U.S. securities. Japan held 1.04 trillion U.S. dollars worth. Other foreign holders included oil exporting countries and Caribbean banking centers.

In 2018, the United States had a total public national debt of 21.52 trillion U.S. dollars, an amount that has been rising steadily, particularly since 2008. In 2018, the total interest expense on debt held by the public of the United States reached 357 billion U.S. dollars, while 171 billion U.S. dollars in interest expense were intragovernmental debt holdings. Total outlays of the U.S. government were 4.17 trillion U.S. dollars in 2018. By 2023, spending will reach 5.16 trillion U.S. dollars.

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Release date
February 2019
Region
United States
Survey time period
December 2018
Supplementary notes
The data are collected primarily from U.S.-based custodians and broker-dealers. Since U.S. securities held in overseas custody accounts may not be attributed to the actual owners, the data may not provide a precise accounting of individual country ownership of Treasury securities.
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