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Daily turnover in the global foreign exchange market 1998-2019

In 2019, the global foreign exchange (forex) market saw an average daily turnover of approximately 5.1 trillion U.S. dollars. This means that on an average day in 2019, the sum of all transactions in the forex market amounted to almost 6.6 trillion U.S. dollars.

What is the forex market?

The forex market is based on the fluctuations in the value of currency interest rates. For example, the U.S. dollar performs differently against other major currencies. If one can properly predict these fluctuations, they can buy a weaker currency with a stronger one. After the currencies rebalance, the original currency will be worth more terms of the exchange rate, giving the investor a profit. There are many foreign exchange trading services, including many multinational banks which already work in multiple currencies.

Other currency trading functions

Countries and central banks often hold foreign currencies. These international reserves help facilitate the transactions in international trade, which is one reason China’s foreign reserves are so high. Countries can buy and sell foreign currencies to maintain a particular exchange rate. This is necessary for currencies which are pegged to another currency, such as the U.S. dollar. However, some countries are accused of exchange rate manipulation in order to make their exports seem more attractive. Finally, certain currencies are considered safer. Citizens and firms in a country with an unstable currency will buy these currencies to avoid volatility, or even hyperinflation, in their home currency.

Average daily turnover in the global foreign exchange market from 1998 to 2019

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Source

Release date

December 2019

Region

Worldwide

Survey time period

1998 to 2019

Supplementary notes

"Net-net basis" - adjusted for local and cross-border inter-dealer double-counting.

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Statistics on "Global currencies"

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