Biggest cities in Turkey 2013

This statistic shows the ten biggest cities in Turkey in 2013. At the end of 2013, approximately 13.8 million people lived in Istanbul, making it the biggest city in Turkey.

The urban population of Turkey

The total population of Turkey is on its way to reaching 80 million inhabitants, which is about the same amouint as the population of Germany. Slightly more than half of the Turkish population live in urban areas, with Istanbul being home to the largest portion of this urban population with close to 14 million inhabitants. This is about 20 percent of the entire population.

Istanbul is located at the entrance to the Black Sea, between Europe and Asia. It is attractive to both the people of Turkey as a place to live and work and foreign tourists who take advantage of its cultural and historic center. Due to its attractiveness and its location at the crossroads of the east and the west, the city has been investing in transportation infrastructure to support its strategic location and increasing growth.

Ankara, the capital of Turkey, is the second largest city and home to about 4.5 million people. Izmir is the third largest, with almost 3 million inhabitants. A vast amount of the country’s population is located in these three metropolises.

Economic growth in Turkey has decreased significantly since 2011 and increasing unemployment is a matter of concern, which may cause an increase in urban population due to people moving away from the rural areas in search of work. While joining the European Union has been a goal of Turkey for quite some time, tensions between Turkey and other nations are on the rise, as restrictions of freedom of expression and censorship by the government are also increasing.

Turkey: The largest cities in 2013

population in millions
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Release date

February 2014



Survey time period

December 31, 2012

Supplementary notes

Figures have been rounded.

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Statistics on "Turkey"

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