Global rice consumption 2019/20, by country

Rice is one of the most widely consumed grains in the world. As the most populous country in the world, China also consumes more rice than any other country, with 143 million metric tons consumed in 2019/2020. Following China, India is ranked second with 100 million metric tons of rice consumption in the same period.

Rice production

Rice requires very specific conditions in order to flourish. It must be grown in a field flooded with several inches of water, known as a paddy field. Unsurprisingly, China and India also top the list as the biggest producers of rice worldwide. Rice has such a neutral flavor that it can be integrated into almost any kind of dish, paired with virtually any flavor. In China, rice is often steamed and served alongside stir-fried meat and vegetables.

Rice varieties

Though there are dozens of varieties of rice grown and consumed across globe, the three most prominent types of rice are indica, japonica, and aromatic. Of these three rice types, japonica was priced the highest as of 2017.

Rice consumption worldwide in 2019/2020, by country (in 1,000 metric tons)*

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Release date

January 2020



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

* Estimated as of February 2020. All data are reported on a milled basis.

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Statistics on "Rice"

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