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Number of migrant workers in major destination regions in China 2016-2019

In 2019, the number of migrant workers in the Pearl River Delta in China dropped to around 44 million, while the number of workers in the Jing-Jin-Ji Metropolitan Region increased to around 22 million. In 2012, the number of migrant workers in the Yangtse and Pearl River Delta ranged at around 59.4 and 52.0 million, respectively.

Number of migrant workers in Yangtze, Pearl River Delta, and Jing-Jin-Ji Metropolitan Region in China from 2016 to 2019

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Source

Release date

April 2020

Region

China

Survey time period

2016 to 2019

Supplementary notes

The data have been collected through a survey which covered around 226,000 rural workers from 31 provinces, 1,587 districts and 8,490 villages. Migrant laborers are defined as workers that are still registered as rural permanent residents, but have left their place of origin for more than six months in order to find work in another place. They either stay in the same province or move to another province in search of work.

Yangtze River Delta includes Shanghai, parts of Zhejiang and Jiangsu province. Shanghai, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Ningbo, Suzhou, Wuxi are a few of the major cities in this region.
Pearl River Delta covers the area around Guangdong province in South China. Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hong Kong, Macau, Huizhou, Dongguang are the main cities in this region.
Jing-Jin-Ji Metropolitan Region includes Beijing, Tianjin, and surrounding regions in Hebei province.

Figures for earlier years have been taken from previous publications.

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