Cotton production by country worldwide, 2019

This statistic shows the world's leading cotton producing countries in crop year 2018/2019. In that year, cotton production in India amounted to around 5.77 million metric tons.

Cotton production in the world

Cotton is a natural plant fiber which grows around the seed of the cotton plant. Fibers are used in the textile industry, where they are the starting point of the production chain. First, the cotton fiber is obtained from the cotton plant and then spun into yarn. From there, the cotton yarn is woven or knitted into fabric.

The use of cotton has a long tradition in the clothing industry due to its desirable characteristics. Cloths made of this fiber are moisture-absorbent, have a good drape and are known for their long durability. Consumers continue to purchase large amounts of cotton products as they prefer cotton’s light and comfortable qualities. Products made out of cotton range from highly absorbent bath towels over bed linens to basic clothes such as t-shirts, underwear or socks.

The top cotton producing countries include China, India and the United States respectively. Within the United States, the Southern states traditionally harvest the largest quantities of cotton. This region was formerly known as the ‘Cotton Belt’, where cotton was the predominant cash crop from the 18th to the 20th century. Due to soil depletion and social and economic changes, cotton production has declined and acres in this region are now mainly used for crops such as corn, soybeans and wheat.

Cotton production by country worldwide in 2018/2019

Production in thousand metric tons
India5,770
United States3,999
China3,500
Brazil2,787
Pakistan1,655
Turkey806
Uzbekistan713
Australia479
Turkmenistan198
Burkina185
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Source

Release date

September 2019

Region

Worldwide

Survey time period

2018/2019

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Statistics on "Cotton"

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