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Soybean production worldwide 2012/13-2019/20, by country

This statistic shows the leading countries in soybean production worldwide from 2012/13 to 2019/20. From 2015/16 to 2018/2019, the United States was the leading global producer of soybeans with a production volume of 120.52 million metric tons in 2018/2019. As of May 2020, Brazil overtook the United States as the leading soybean producing country with a production volume of some 124 million metric tons in 2019/20.

Soybean production

Soybeans are among the major agricultural crops sowed in the United States, behind only corn. They belong to the oilseed crops category and the majority of U.S. soybeans is planted in May and early June and is harvested in late September and October. Production practices show that U.S. farmers commonly cultivate soybeans in crop rotation with corn. More than 80 percent of soybeans are grown in the upper Midwest. The Unites States reported Illinois, Iowa and Indiana as their leading soybean producing states in 2016.

Historical data demonstrates that large-scale soybean production did not commence until the 20th century in the United States. However, the latest statistics illustrate that the acreage of the dominant oilseed crop has expanded rapidly. The certain increase of soybean acreage was supported by several factors including low production costs and a greater number of 50-50 corn-soybean rotations. Furthermore, soybeans were one of the first crop types that accomplished commercial success as bioengineered crops. The first genetically modified (GM) soybeans were cultivated in the United States in 1996. They possess a gene that confers herbicide resistance.

The usage of soybeans ranges from the animal food industry over human consumption to non-food products. The highest percentage of soybeans goes to the animal feed industry. The product portfolio intended for human consumption include products such as soy milk, soy flour or tofu.

Leading soybean producing countries worldwide from 2012/13 to 2019/20

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Release date

May 2020



Survey time period

2012/13 to 2019/20

Supplementary notes

Figures were rounded to provide a better understanding of the statistic.

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Statistics on "Soy food products in the U.S."

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