Coal - U.S. proved reserves by type 2010-2019

This statistic shows the proved coal reserves in the United States between 2010 and 2019. In 2019, the amount of proved coal reserves (anthracite and bituminous coal) amounted to around 219.5 billion metric tons.

Coal reserves

In 2019, there were about 220 billion metric tons of proved anthracite and bituminous coal reserves and 30 billion metric tons of proved sub-bituminous and lignite reserves. As of this time, the United States had one of the largest proved reserves of coal in the world, totaling almost 250 billion metric tons, followed by Australia which had about 149 billion metric tons of coal reserves. In comparison, China had 133.47 billion metric tons of anthracite and bituminous reserves and around 8.1 billion metric tons of sub-bituminous and lignite reserves.

The United States currently holds a larger volume of coal than natural gas and oil resources. However, it is estimated that only about half of the demonstrated reserve base can be accessed due to property rights, land-use conflicts, and both environmental and physical constraints. Much of the country’s coal reserves are located in the Interior, Western, and Appalachian regions. It is expected that global consumption of coal will continue to increase until 2035. China, however, has surpassed the United States and is one of the largest consumers of coal in the world. Some two thirds of its primary energy consumption is derived from coal.

Coal reserves in the United States from 2010 and 2019, by type

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Release date

June 2020


United States

Survey time period

2008 to 2019

Supplementary notes

According to the source, proved reserves of coal are taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known deposits under existing economic and operating conditions.
The figures for 2010-2018 were taken from previous editions of the publication.

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