Largest stock exchange operators, listed by market cap of listed companies 2019

The New York Stock Exchange is the largest stock exchange in the world, with an equity market capitalization over 19 trillion U.S. dollars in April 2017. The following three exchanges were the NASDAQ, London Stock Exchange, and Tokyo Stock Exchange. However, their combined market caps were lower than the NYSE.

What is a stock exchange?

A stock exchange is a marketplace where stockbrokers, traders, buyers, and sellers can trade in equities products. The largest exchanges have thousands of listed companies. These companies sell shares of their business, giving the general public the opportunity to invest in them. The oldest exchange worldwide is the Frankfurt Stock Exchange, founded in the late sixteenth century.

Other functions of a stock exchange

Since these are publicly traded companies, every firm listed on a stock exchange has had an initial public offering (IPO). The largest IPOs can raise billions of dollars in equity for the firm involved. Related to stock exchanges are derivatives exchanges, where stock options, futures contracts, and other derivatives can be traded.

Largest stock exchange operators worldwide as of May 2019, by market capitalization of listed companies

Market capitalization in trillion U.S. dollars
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Sources

Release date

May 2019

Region

Worldwide

Survey time period

May 2019

Supplementary notes

Market capitalization is a financial term used to denote the total value of tradable shares of a listed company. It is calculated by multiplying the share price by the number of shares outstanding.

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