Mortality rate in China 2000-2018

The mortality rate in China presented a slowly growing trend over the past twenty years. In 2018, the mortality rate increased to 7.13 deaths per 1,000 inhabitants. The growing mortality rate might be attributed to the slower growth of the whole population.

Population in China

China is the most populous country in the world. Due to several mechanisms put into place by the Chinese government as well as changing circumstances in the working and social environment of the Chinese people, population growth has subsided over the past decades. The one-child policy was introduced in China in 1979, which intended to improve people’s living standards by limiting the population growth. However, with the decreasing birth rate and slower population growth, China is facing population problems including gender imbalance and lack of labor force.

Birth control in China

According to the one-child policy in China, a married couple was only allowed to have one child, otherwise they will be facing huge fines. Under certain circumstances, people can have a second child. The performance of family control had long been related to assessment of local government’s achievement. The birth controls in China led to a decreasing birth rate and a more skewed gender ratio of the new births due to a preference for boys. Since China’s population is shrinking and aging, the one-child policy was considered more like an obstacle for the country’s economic development. Since 2014, the one-child policy was gradually relaxed and fully eliminated at the end of 2015. However, many young Chinese people are not ready to have more children due to high costs of raising a child, especially in urban areas.

Mortality rate in China from 2000 to 2018

Deaths per thousand inhabitants
20187.13
20177.11
20167.09
20157.11
20147.16
20137.16
20127.15
20117.14
20107.11
20097.08
20087.06
20076.93
20066.81
20056.51
20046.42
20036.4
20026.41
20016.43
20006.45
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Source

Release date

October 2019

Region

China

Survey time period

2008 to 2018

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Statistics on "Aging population in China"

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