Distribution of GDP across economic sectors in China 2009-2019

This statistic shows the distribution of the gross domestic product (GDP) across economic sectors in China from 2009 to 2019. In 2019, the agricultural sector had contributed around 7.1 percent to the GDP of China, whereas 39.0 percent of the economic value added had originated from the industry and 53.9 percent from the service sector, respectively.

Breakdown of GDP in China – additional information

The gross domestic product (GDP) serves as a primary indicator to measure the economic performance of a country or a region. It is generally defined as the monetary value of all finished goods and services produced within a country in a specific period of time. It includes all of private and public spending, government spending, investments, and net exports which are calculated as total exports minus imports. In other words, GDP represents the size of the economy.

With its national economy growing at an exceptional annual growth rate of above nine percent for three decades in succession, China had become the worlds’ second largest economy by 2010, surpassing all other economies but the United States. Even though China’s GDP growth has cooled down in recent years, its economy was still expanding at more than two-times the pace of the United States’ in 2018.

When compared to other developed countries , the proportion of agriculture and industry in China’s GDP are significantly higher. Even though agriculture is a major industry in the United States, it had only accounted for about one percent of the economy as of 2017. While the service sector contributed to more than 70 percent of the economy in most developed countries, the development of the tertiary sector in China has been constrained by the country’s focus on manufacturing industry.

China: distribution of gross domestic product (GDP) across economic sectors from 2009 to 2019

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Release date

February 2020



Survey time period

2009 to 2019

Supplementary notes

Figures for 2011 were taken from the World Development Indicators database.

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