Leading countries by number of IPOs 2019

More initial public offerings (IPOs) occurred in the United States and China in the nine months of 2019 than any other country, at 127 IPOs each. Hong Kong followed, with 97 IPOs in that period. With the exception of the United States, all of the top six IPO host countries were located in Asia.

Why make an IPO?

Private companies have a lot of control over their companies, but their funding sources are limited. While some of these companies have achieved valuations over one billion U.S. dollars, called unicorns, most have trouble finding the cash to grow their business. To open themselves to public investors, they make an initial offering of shares of stock. The largest IPOs are worth billions of U.S. dollars.

Timing is everything

The timing of an IPO can have a huge impact on its performance, which is as important for investors as it is for the companies themselves. As such, many investors watch to see who is next in line to make an IPO. The right play at the wrong time is the wrong play and might result in a negative return. While underwriters and consultants can mitigate some risk factors, markets are inherently unpredictable. As such, an IPO always carries risk, with hopes of the reward of an infusion of capital.

Leading countries by number of company IPOs as of the 3rd quarter of 2019

Number of IPOs
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Release date

October 2019



Survey time period

January to September 2019

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Statistics on "Initial public offerings in the United States"

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