Natural gas imports in selected European countries 2018, by type

In 2018, the country that imported the largest volumes of natural gas in Europe was Germany. 95 billion cubic meters was imported into the country via pipelines. This was followed by Italy, which imported 64.2 billion cubic meters, 56.2 of which was through pipelines. Europe’s natural gas imports increased by 12 percent in 2017 when compared to 2016. This was the biggest regional change seen worldwide.

Where is natural gas exported from?

  By far the two leading exporters of natural gas to Europe are Norway and Russia. In 2016 imports from Russia accounted for 40 percent of all imports. It is no surprise that Russia is the main natural gas exporter to Europe. With its huge reserves the country is only behind the United States in terms of global natural gas production. In 2017 it produced 692 billion cubic meters.

Production declines as consumption increases

The European Union’s production of natural gas has been in decline for decades, and by 2018 had fallen to a low of 109.2 billion cubic meters. In comparison, natural gas consumption had been increasing in recent years. However, 2018 saw the first decline since 2014.

Imports of natural gas in selected countries in Europe in 2018, by type

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Release date

June 2019



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