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Natural gas imports in selected European countries 2019, by type

In 2019, the country that imported the largest volumes of natural gas in Europe was Germany. 109.6 billion cubic meters was imported into the country via pipelines. This was followed by Italy, which imported 67.6 billion cubic meters, 54.1 of which was through pipelines. Europe’s natural gas imports increased by 1.2 percent in 2018 when compared to 2017.

Where is natural gas exported from?

  By far the two leading exporters of natural gas to Europe are Norway and Russia. In 2017 imports from Russia accounted for 38.7 percent of all imports. It is no surprise that Russia is the main natural gas exporter to Europe. With its huge reserves the country is only behind the United States in terms of global natural gas production. In 2018 it produced 725.5 billion cubic meters.

Production declines as consumption increases

The European Union’s production of natural gas has been in decline for decades, and by 2019 had fallen to a low of 101 billion cubic meters. In comparison, natural gas consumption had been increasing in recent years.

Imports of natural gas in selected countries in Europe in 2019, by type

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Release date

June 2020



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