Primary energy consumption in selected European countries 2018

Of the selected countries shown, primary energy consumption was highest in Germany in 2018, at 323.9 million metric tons of oil equivalent (Mtoe). This was followed by France and the United Kingdom. Primary energy is energy taken directly from natural resources such as crude oil, coal and wind. This means primary energy can be either non-renewable or renewable.

Fossil fuel consumption highest

In 2018, primary energy consumption in the European Union derived mostly from fossil fuels, with natural gas consumption amounting to 394 million Mtoe. In comparison, the consumption of coal for primary energy has been in a steady decline, signaling a shift away from this energy source. The consumption of renewables has been increasing annually during this time period and amounted to 159.6 million Mtoe.

Global consumption

  Primary energy consumption is highest in Asia and Pacific, with consumption in this region amounting to slightly under six billion Mtoe in 2018. Globally, China is the largest consumer of primary energy in the world and consumed 3.3 billion Mtoe in the same year. This was approximately 23 percent of global consumption.

Primary energy consumption in selected countries in Europe in 2018

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Release date

June 2019



Survey time period


Age group

Supplementary notes

Primary energy according to the source includes commercially-traded fuels, also including modern renewables used to generate electricity.

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Statistics on "Fossil fuel industry in Europe"

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