Worldwide industrial sand and gravel production by country 2018-2019

The United States was the leading producer of sand and gravel worldwide in 2019, having produced 110 million metric tons that year.

Sand and Gravel

Sand and gravel deposits originate from various geomorphological processes, which include river channels, river flood plains, and glacial deposits. It is considered one of the most accessible natural resources. Sand comes in different sizes of grain and serves different purposes. It is a necessary resource for economic development activities such as include road building and concrete production. Sand and/or gravel is also commonly used in playgrounds, golf courses, and producing glass.

Sand and Gravel for construction in the United States

Although the United States is the leading producer of sand and gravel worldwide, the country still imports a certain amount for construction purposes. Since 2007, the United States’ gravel and sand imports have remained fairly consistent, ranging from three to seven million metric tons of sand and gravel imported per year. From 2015 to 2018, the majority of U.S. sand and gravel imports came from Canada. Since 2007, the average price of sand and gravel has been slowly increasing, most recently standing at 9.29 U.S. dollars per metric ton.

Major countries in industrial sand and gravel production worldwide in 2018 and 2019

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Release date

February 2020



Survey time period

2018 and 2019

Supplementary notes

All figures are estimates.

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