Spain’s fertility rate the lowest in Europe
Spain has one of the lowest fertility rate in the European Union, with barely 1.37 children per woman according to the latest reports. During the last ten years, the country featured a continuous population density of approximately 93-94 inhabitants per square kilometer – a figure far from the European average, which stood nearly at 112 inhabitants per square kilometer in 2020.
Population in Madrid
The population in the Community of Madrid soared between the 1990s and 2010, growing from 5 to nearly 6.5 million inhabitants in about 15 years, as it became an attractive destination for both national and foreign immigrants. Nevertheless, the Spanish financial crisis led many foreigners to move out of the region, and the number of foreign nationals fell from over one million in 2009 to approximately 698,100 in 2017. By 2022, this figure had recovered slightly, but was still far from the numbers registered before the crisis. As of 2021, the most common foreign nationalities in the Community of Madrid were Romanian, Moroccan and Colombian. Together, inhabitants from these countries totalled roughly 295,200.