France: life expectancy by gender 2004-2018

On average, women lived seven years more than men in France. In 2018, female life expectancy at birth in France reached 85.4 years compared to 2.8 years for males. That same year the life expectancy in France, regardless of gender, was of 82.27 years. Thus, France is one of the countries in the world with the highest life expectancy.

Women outlive men

According to the source there are differences in life expectancy between men and women in France. In 2004, female life expectancy in France was of 83.9, compared to 76.7 years for males. Since then, life expectancy for both genders has been evolving in a similar way. When life expectancy decreased slightly in 2015, it has affected both men and women. Similarly, when life expectancy increased. But one aspect remained the same: male life expectancy keeps being lower than female life expectancy. This difference has been seen not only in France. In Europe, females are expected to live longer than men in every region. However, if women in France have longer life expectancy, they are expected to have a higher number of healthy life years. In 2013, a study from Eurostat showed that French women had a number of expected healthy years of 64.4, compared to 63 years for men.

An aging population

Like other Western countries, France has an aging population. French citizens aged 65 years and older are now more than French aged from 0 to 14 years old. The median age of the population in the country is increasing since the nineties, while the share of seniors reached almost 18 percent of the population in 2013. 

Life expectancy at birth in metropolitan France from 2004 to 2018, by gender

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Release date

February 2019



Survey time period

2004 to 2018

Supplementary notes

* provisional data

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Statistics on "Demography in France"

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