Freshwater resources in the United States and Canada
Freshwater use was among the highest in Canada and Spain, at 1,017 cubic meters per capita and 708 cubic meters per capita, respectively, in recent years. In the United States, a large majority of water is used for agricultural irrigation and for thermoelectric purposes, where water is used to cool electricity-generating equipment. Consumption of freshwater in the United States for the electricity sector has increased by almost 500 percent since the 1950s. A relatively small quantity is assigned to domestic use. Bottled water consumption has steadily increased in the country from 29 gallons per capita in 2007 to an estimated 39 gallons per capita in 2016.
Canada has one of the greatest renewable freshwater resources in the world, after Brazil and Russia. There are some 81,700 cubic meters of renewable water resources per capita available in Canada as of 2014. About nine percent of the country is covered in fresh water, totaling almost 900,000 square kilometers. There are over 550 lakes that have a surface area greater than 100 kilometers squared. In fact, more than half of the world’s lakes are located in Canada with an estimated two million lakes. The Great Lakes Basin, located along the Canadian and U.S. border, is the world’s largest freshwater lake system in the world.