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Unemployment rate in Belgium 2008-2019

In 2019, the unemployment rate in Belgium was 5.4 percent. This is a decrease in comparison to the previous year, and the lowest unemployment rate in the last ten years. Unemployment peaked in 2014 and 2015, at 8.6 percent. In 2017, Belgium numbered around 353,000 unemployed.

Unemployment per region 

   Unemployment in Belgium differed from region to region. The unemployment rate was lowest in the Flemish Region, the Dutch-speaking part of the country. In 2019, unemployment reached 3.3 percent there. By comparison, in the Brussels-Capital Region the share of people without employment was nearly four times as high, at nearly 13 percent.

Forecast for 2019

 For 2019, a slight decrease in the unemployment rate was foreseen in 2018. According to a recent forecast, the unemployment rate would drop below six percent this year, to 5.9. As can be seen, the unemployment rate in 2019 was even lower than expected.

Rate of unemployment in Belgium from 2008 to 2019

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Release date

March 2020



Survey time period

2008 to 2019

Supplementary notes

Statistics Belgium defines unemployment rate as the percentage unemployed people within the national labor force (that means employed as well as unemployed people) between the age of 15 and 64.

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Statistics on "Key economic indicators of Flanders (Belgium)"

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