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Registered Indian population in Canada 2000-2018

This statistic shows the number of registered Indians in Canada from 2000 to 2018. In 2018, there were 994,667 registered Indians in Canada.

Registered Indians

Registered Indians in Canada are all First Nations people who are, as the name suggests, registered as an officially recognized Indian by the Canadian government. No Inuit or Métis is a Registered Indian under Canadian law, leaving only certain First Nations peoples as qualifiers. The word “Indian” is a legal term in this case and has otherwise fallen out of favor. It has been replaced by First Nations, a term used to describe all Canadian aboriginal people who are neither Métis nor Inuit.

Registered Indian status affords benefits and rights not granted to non-Registered Indians including access to reserves and self-governance within them, exemption of federal and provincial taxes to those living on reserve, and postsecondary education financial assistance. The Indian Act of 1951 established the current Indian Register and was revised in 1985 to include people that had been wrongly excluded by the original law.

The number of Registered Indians has grown significantly since 2000 and currently the largest population resides in Ontario, which also has the largest overall population of aboriginal peoples in Canada. British Columbia is home to the largest number of Indian bands, at 198 in 2018.

Number of registered Indians in Canada from 2000 to 2018

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Source

Release date

September 2019

Region

Canada

Survey time period

2000 to 2018

Supplementary notes

Values as of December 31, 2018.

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