Global annual spending on infrastructure as percent of GDP by country 2010-2015

As a percentage of the country’s GDP, China’s annual average infrastructure spending is one of the highest in the world at 8.3 percent. In comparison, the United States spent about 2.3 percent of its GDP on infrastructure between 2010 and 2015.

The economy and the construction industry

The construction industry plays a significant role in many countries’ economies. Oftentimes, economic growth is linked to investment into the construction industry. Public investment into important infrastructure, such as airports, telecommunication networks, and transportation infrastructure connect citizens to economic opportunities and public services.

Infrastructure needs

Despite the importance of infrastructure for the wellbeing of communities, infrastructure investment is sub par across the world. Projected infrastructure spending is estimated to be unable to fulfill actual spending needs. For example, in the United States, the aging infrastructure is in dire need of repair and requires new spending to improve the quality of life. The largest spending gaps are expected to arise in emerging markets, in countries like Mexico, Indonesia, and Brazil.

Annual average infrastructure expenditures as percent of GDP worldwide from 2010 to 2015, by country

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Release date

July 2018



Survey time period

2010 to 2015

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Statistics on "Transport infrastructure in China"

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