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Number of military personnel in NATO countries 2019

In 2019, the United States had the largest number of military personnel out of all North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) countries, with 1.34 million troops. The country with the second largest number of military personnel was Turkey, with 435,000 personnel.

NATO in brief

NATO, which was formed in 1949, is the most powerful military alliance in the world. At its formation, NATO had 12 member countries, which has now increased to 29 member countries and four aspiring member countries. NATO was originally formed in an effort to solve conflicts peacefully and with the pledge that member countries will come to each other’s defense in case of an attack. Member countries have committed to spend two percent of their respective GDPs on defense expenses by the year 2024.

Favorability of NATO

Although NATO has come under fire during the Trump administration, with President Trump urging member nations to spend more on their defense programs, NATO remains popular on a global scale. According to a 2018 survey, the vast majority of respondents believed that NATO would have a positive impact on the world over the next decade.

Number of military personnel in NATO countries in 2019

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Release date

June 2019



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

Figures are estimates.

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