Cannabis use in the past 12 months in Europe as of 2018*, by country

France and Spain had the joint-highest prevalence of cannabis use among adults in Europe as of 2018, with eleven percent of their populations consuming cannabis in the preceding twelve months. This was followed by Italy with 10.2 percent of the population using cannabis, while only 0.9 percent of individuals in Malta were consuming it during this time period.

Demographics of cannabis users in France

In France it is the younger age groups who have both a higher frequency of having tried cannabis at any point and daily use. With 27 percent of those aged between 18 and 25 years having consumed cannabis in the last twelve months as of a 2017 survey. While almost five percent in the same age group state they smoke cannabis every day.

Other drug use in the EU

Cannabis is by far the most used drug across the population of the European Union, with over a quarter using at some point in their lifetime. This is followed by cocaine which five percent have used in their life and then amphetamines with 3.6 percent of individuals having used.

Prevalence of cannabis use in the last year in Europe as of 2018*, by country

Share of population
France 11%
Spain 11%
Italy 10.2%
Netherlands 9.2%
Czechia 8.9%
Croatia 7.9%
Ireland 7.7%
United Kingdom 7.2%
Finland 6.8%
Denmark 6.4%
Austria 6.4%
Germany 6.1%
Estonia 6%
Norway 5.3%
Portugal 5.1%
Luxembourg 4.9%
Poland 4.6%
Belgium 4.6%
Sweden 4.6%
Slovenia 4.4%
Slovakia 4.3%
Bulgaria 4.2%
Latvia 4.2%
Romania 3.2%
Greece 2.8%
Lithuania 2.7%
Cyprus 2.2%
Hungary 1.5%
Turkey 1.1%
Malta 0.9%
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Release date

June 2019



Survey time period


Age group

15-64 years

Supplementary notes

* Data represents the results for the last survey available in each country

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Statistics on "Drug use in Europe"

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