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Herfindahl index for credit institutions in the Benelux region 2013-2017, by country

Herfindahl index (HI) for credit institutions in Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands (Benelux) from 2013 to 2017

by Raynor de Best, last edited Jan 16, 2019
Herfindahl index for credit institutions in the Benelux region 2013-2017, by country This statistic shows the Herfindahl index (HI) for credit institutions in the Benelux countries (Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands) from 2013 to 2017. According to the source, the Herfindahl index (HI) refers to the concentration of banking business. The HI is obtained by summing the squares of the market shares of all the credit institutions in the banking sector. A high number means a higher concentration, less players on the market and a higher market share. Lower concentration means more competition between insurance companies and more choice for consumers. In 2017, the Herfindahl index for Belgium reached a value of around 1,100, which was a slight increase compared to the previous year. This development is opposite from that in Luxembourg and the Netherlands, where the index decreased.
In 2016, ING was the leading bank in the Benelux when it comes to total equity. In comparison, BNP Paribas Fortis was the leading Belgium-based bank with a total of approximately 26.5 billion euros. The equity of banks with Luxembourgish origins was lower than those from Belgium and the Netherlands however. This because the Grand Duchy has many large foreign banks within the country.

The banking sector in Belgium has two important characteristics. First, banking is deemed an important part of Belgian culture with a relatively high number of bank offices in the country. In 2015, for example, the total number of offices of banks established in Belgium reached 4,519 in the Flemish region. Second, the Belgian banking landscape has the presence of several big non-Belgian banking concerns, notably Dutch bank ING and France-based BNP Paribas. In 2016, BNP Paribas Fortis, BNP Paribas' Belgian daughter, reached a phased-in Common Equity Tier 1 (CET 1) ratio of approximately 14 percent.

Luxembourg is an international financial center in the European Union, with over 140 international banks having an office in the Grand Duchy. The fund industry is one of the largest in Europe. In 2016, for example, the total value of investments in private equity companies in Luxembourg amounted to approximately 465 million euros.

In the Netherlands, a few large institutions dominate the domestic financial markets. In 2015, for example, the five largest Dutch credit institutions, which include ING, Rabobank and ABN Amro, held approximately 85 percent of the total assets. The Dutch banking sector, consequently, is one of the most concentrated in Europe.
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Herfindahl index (HI) for credit institutions in Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands (Benelux) from 2013 to 2017

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