Wheat yield Australia 2010-2020

Wheat is one of the most important crops produced in Australia. In 2019, the yield of this winter crop was estimated at 1.7 metric ton per hectare, the lowest yield in almost a decade. According to the same source, the yield was projected to decrease even further in 2020.

The role of wheat

Wheat is grown primarily in Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, and South Australia. Production of wheat in the east coast of the country has fallen in recent years. Both bread wheat and durum wheat are used to produce wheat-based food consumed within the country. Wheat was Australia’s second largest agriculture export commodity in 2018, and the highest value crop. In fact, most of the wheat produced in Australia was exported to countries within Asia and the Middle East.

Challenges to growth

Drought has impacted grain production across the country. Production in the east coast has dropped particularly. In 2019, the country imported wheat for the domestic market for the first time in 12 years. This raised biosecurity concerns among grain growers, who were worried about the potential for new weeds or diseases being introduced. However, a shortfall in high-protein wheat can negatively impact domestic dairy farmers, who require bulk grain for their livestock.

Yield of wheat in Australia from 2010 to 2020

Yield in metric tons per hectare
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Release date

December 2019



Survey time period

financial years 2010 to 2019

Supplementary notes

* Estimated.
** Forecasted.

Australia's financial year runs from July 1 to June 30; for example, financial year 2017 starts on July 1, 2016 and ends on June 30, 2017.

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Statistics on "World of wheat"

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