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Share of average monthly income in Indian households 2015

According to a survey conducted in 2015 across India, over 60 percent of the surveyed households had an average monthly income up to 10,000 Indian rupees. This percentage varied among the rural and urban areas, where over 75 percent of the rural households and 45 percent of the urban households earned up to 10,000 Indian rupees monthly. India had a high rate of rural to urban migration, as Indian cities provided better standards of living and employment opportunities.

Multiple income generators

For most of the population, income is earned in form of wages or salary, rent from residential or commercial property, interest from financial investments, and profits from family businesses. Most Indian households have multiple earning members to support consumption expenses on a day to day basis. During the surveyed year, around 48 percent of the households had a single earner, mostly the head of the family, followed by about 30 percent of households with two earning members.

Employment scenario

There are a lot of uncertainties in the job market in India. Non-availability of jobs matching education and skills was one of the main reasons for unemployment among Indian graduates. Underemployment was also a problem, and it was higher in urban areas than rural ones. Even though a majority of the population was self-employed, most jobs taken by workers had no written job contracts in both the salaried and casual employment sectors.

Distribution of average monthly income in households across India in 2015

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Release date

September 2016



Survey time period

April to December 2015

Number of respondents

781,793 respondents

Special properties

Among rural and urban 15 year olds and older across 36 states and UTs

Method of interview

Face-to-face interview

Supplementary notes

Note: One Indian rupee is equal to 0.015 U.S. dollars and 0.014 euros (as of January 2017).
The source does not specify the type of survey.

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